It is rapid growing and long lived, reaching 300 to 350 years. They are two-colored, dark glossy green on top while the undersides are light green to white and fuzzy. We send annoucements for our semi-annual tree sale, as well as seasonal reminders and recommendations to care for the trees on your property. Comments: Swamp White Oak falls into the white oak group, and shares many of the same traits as White Oak (Quercus alba). The branch bark starts to peel when the branches are still fairly small. Swamp white oak (Quercus bicolor) is a member of the broad white oak group (white, bur, chinkapin, swamp white, and post oaks). Prices (5) Photos (8) Description Reviews (0) Pictures of: Oak, swamp white. Beneath that tree, in 1797, a conference was held between the Seneca Nation and the United States. Swamp White Oak is similar to Swamp Chestnut Oak (Quercus michauxii), but the leaves are less regularly lobed; similar to White Oak (Quercus alba), but the leaf undersides are white-hairy. While it is not native to Kansas it is adaptable the northeast portion of Kansas. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); All photographs and text ©2013 by Will Cook unless otherwise noted. a medium-sized, deciduous tree; upright oval crown, open ; 50 to 60' tall ; 50' to 60' wide; coarse texture; moderate growth rate; Summer Foliage. Tolerant of many conditions, this tree can grow in dry to poorly drained and wet soils and also compacted soils making it a great urban tree. And being an oak, this tree is long lived and will contribute to the urban canopy for centuries to come. Bur oak and swamp white oak are very similar and can occupy the same habitat, especially in the Midwest where both are common. All rights reserved. The specific name of the Swamp White Oak,'bicolor' is due to leaves appearing shiny green above and silvery below. Like all oaks, the swamp white oak is a friend to pollinators. Wood is used for lumber and veneer. North American distribution of Swamp White Oak. Yet still other wasp species are known to parasitize the parasitic wasp that takes over the gall, making them hyperparasites! Fall color is an orange-gold to yellow in mid-autumn. Swamp white oak is a striking tree with attractive peeling bark, especially on young trees. Musclewood aka American Hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana), Emerald Ash Borer Treatment Recommendations. Tagged: swamp white oak, oak, quercus bicolor, wasps, parasitic wasps, galls, iron gall ink, treaty of big tree. 0.40: Available . Swamp White Oak is a large overstory tree of wet areas. The Latin name bicolor refers to the how the leaves display two colors: a shiny green upper side and a paler, silvery-white underside. Like white oak, swamp white oak is used by coopers in the construction of water-tight barrels. The plump acorns of the swamp white attract woodpeckers, blue jays, squirrels, and wild turkeys, and the tree hosts many native butterfly species. These two species can hybridize and possibly form intergrades. Leaves on saplings may appear more sharply toothed. We never distribute or sell your contact information to any tree service or other party. I planted a swamp white oak 18 months ago. Mature Size Reaches a height of 50-70 feet and a crown spread of 40-60 feet. This plant has no children Legal Status. NATIVE RANGE . Quite rare in North Carolina, near the southern limit of its range, it generally grows in areas with basic bedrock; it has been found in six counties in the Piedmont, two in the Coastal Plain. Interestingly, certain parasitic wasps bore into oak galls, and lay their eggs inside to feed on the helpless gall wasp larva. North-eastern native oak. An excellent shade tree for any landscape. ), Reimagined by Gibon, design of warm cheerful glowing of brightness and light rays radiance. The Swamp White Oak is also known in the arboricultural world as one of the oak species that is easiest to transplant, in part because it does not have a taproot, which most oaks have and generally must be severed when transplanting. One of the most famous swamp white oaks was known as the Big Tree, which grew on the edge of the Genesee River in Geneseo, New York. Threatened. Swamp White Oak Quercus bicolor. Swamp white oak is actually a lowland tree and is native throughout most of the northeastern United States and as far west as Iowa and south to Arkansas. Swamp White Oak. In Madison, an excellent example of a mature specimen can be found at the northeast corner of Linden and Babcock. The easiest way to tell Swamp White apart from similar oaks is to look for peeling bark on young branches — see photos below for what to look for. But as these trees age, the lower branches sweep downward gracefully, the middle branches grow horizontally, and the upper branches remain erect, giving the tree a strong columnar appearance. Medium-sized tree reaching 50-70 feet tall and 2-3 feet in diameter. Photography by Nick Wilkes Photography. This group is characterized by having rounded lobes on the leaves and acorns which mature in a single growing season and sprout soon after they fall in the autumn. Was just under 5' tall container, mail order from Forest Farm. native to eastern United States; hardy to zone 4; Habit and Form. As the name implies the swap white oak is a bottomland species but does not grow in a swamp. It is found in lowlands, along edges of streams, and in swamps subject to flooding. The galls also exude nectar from their exteriors, which attract ants and wasps, who in turn help protect the oak from herbivores like caterpillars. The swamp white oak is a North American native that grows naturally in the Great Lakes and Ohio Valley areas of the U.S. and Canada,as well as in isolated pockets as far west as Kansas and as far south as Alabama. Wisconsin Flora, Recommended Tree, Shrub, and Woody Vine Identification Guides. It probably has the most fibrous root system of all of the native oak species we grow. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Maine. More information: They are thus relatively rare, encountered much less often than their oaken brethren. Leaves below may appear yellowish green or whitish, depending on whether they're shade leaves or sun leaves. Although less common, swamp white oaks are easy to spot, even for novices. Swamp White Oak (Quercus bicolor) Family : Fagaceae Zone: 3 - 8. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. 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