Established in 1942 by the American Society for Aesthetics, The Journal A man of learning and reflection can make allowance for these peculiarities of manners; but a common audience can never divest themselves so far of their usual ideas and sentiments, as to relish pictures which nowise resemble them. “Of the Standard of Taste” by David Hume Editor’s Note: This essay, originally published in 1757, is in the public domain and may be freely reproduced. With a personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free. (2002). Introduction to “Of the Standard of Taste”, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, Why social media sharing does not get us genuine affection. It is certain, Hume maintains, that “beauty and deformity, more than sweet and bitter, are not qualities in objects, but belong entirely to the sentiment, internal or external” (1757/1910, p. 222). The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. 1 Favorite . The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism DOWNLOAD OPTIONS download 1 file . Wiley has partnerships with many of the world’s leading societies and publishes over 1,500 peer-reviewed journals and 1,500+ new books annually in print and online, as well as databases, major reference works and laboratory protocols in STMS subjects. For this reason, comedy is not easily transferred from one age or nation to another. H�\�݊�0�Ͻ��j�%��R��)�`��^�մ+lU�=��o��t`�M|�K^m�۾�U�s�]�ա��)�����Ǯ�J�ڮ����S=fq��z��i��l�P����. A person’s judgment concerning an object’s beauty will meet the standard of taste if it suitably maps on to such a rule. In other words, the answer to the question “why is it correct to call this object beautiful?” will take something like the form, “it is beautiful because it is something that would please a true judge.”. Hume’s Standard of Taste: The Real Problem. On the rule interpretation, the standard of taste will be connected with such supposed rules linking forms of objects with subjective experiences of pleasure. 0000009935 00000 n Hume’s Standard of Taste: Breaking the Circle. A Frenchman or Englishman is not pleased with the Andria of Terence, or Clitia of Machiavel; where the fine lady, upon whom all the play turns, never once appears to the spectators, but is always kept behind the scenes, suitably to the reserved humour of the ancient Greeks and modern Italians. 0000072486 00000 n It is not without some effort, that we reconcile ourselves to the simplicity of ancient manners, and behold princesses carrying water from the spring, and kings and heroes dressing their own victuals. Shelley, J. The precise role that the notion is to play will depend on whether the standard of taste is taken to be a rule or a decision. 0000095043 00000 n A�ڂ��u��d������;'�ta��#&�&�v��w���c_��Nm׌����:�c+K��J�]���6M��Y�cl��vg��g{xt��6���-�z�x����j�^]���۞�M����O�W�����%-u���P�q��s��Ez�]��^�,v�ߛ�m�S�^�YY���"���=�3�3�y��e�"�wȯ̯){���o�%��`.�����Y�s@VfE6fC����i�� ������9 R The material for the “rule” interpretation emerges from Hume’s suggestion that the rules or principles in question link particular “forms or qualities” of an object with experiences of pleasure in individuals whose pereceptual organs are functioning properly and who are paying proper attention to the object. HUME'S '"Of the Standard of Taste" is not only a philosophical classic but a classic of humane letters. %PDF-1.3 Suppose someone says that author A is better than author B. The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 60(3), 227–238. The two main alternatives, then, are that the standard of taste is (i) a “rule,” or (ii) a “decision.”. In each creature, there is a sound and a defective state; and the former alone can be supposed to afford us a true standard of taste and sentiment. such as music, literature, theater, painting, architecture, sculpture, and And why should people who are not pleased by the masterworks care whether they please “true judges,” and seek as a consequence to bring their pleasure in line with the pleasure of the true judges (see Levinson 2002)? Be the first one to write a review. Although, he is better known for his other works, such as, "A treatise of human Nature," "An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding," and "An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals," all in which he shows how limited a role reason has in the lives of humans. trailer <]>> startxref 0 %%EOF 215 0 obj<>stream 0000002338 00000 n 0000004496 00000 n If, in the sound state of the organ, there be an entire or a considerable uniformity of sentiment among men, we may thence derive an idea of the perfect beauty; in like manner as the appearance of objects in day-light, to the eye of a man in health, is denominated their true and real colour, even while colour is allowed to be merely a phantasm of the senses. Copyright 2016-2017. The two main alternatives emerge when Hume writes: “[i]t is natural for us to seek a Standard of Taste; a rule, by which the various sentiments of men may be reconciled; at least, a decision afforded, confirming one sentiment, and condemning another.” (1757/1910, p. 217). %���� The philosopher David Hume’s most important contribution to aesthetics was the essay Of the Standard of Taste, originally published in 1757 as one of his Four Dissertations.The essay was written in haste to bulk up the page-count of the book – but it proved a milestone in the literature on criticism, influencing Kant and provoking debate even in the present day. Both the “rule” and “decision” accounts face potential difficulties. 0000001334 00000 n But we must also allow that some part of the seeming harmony in morals can be explained as arising