Claudel's long lyric poems Cinq Grandes Odes (1910) and La Cantate à trois voix (1931) are meditations on the relationship between the Creator and the created world, on the role of the poet, and on the function of love. Although he wrote no more poems or plays, he composed lengthy reflections on various scriptural texts. Encyclopedia of World Biography. GENRE: Drama, fiction, poetry © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. GENRE: Drama, fiction For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions Paul Claudel (French: [pɔl klodɛl]; 6 August 1868 – 23 February 1955) was a French poet, dramatist and diplomat, and the younger brother of the sculptor Camille Claudel. His complete conversion and return to the Church were accomplished only after 4 years of study and spiritual struggle to reconcile the opposition between his intuition and his intellect. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. The Romancers (1894) It was Christmas Day, and "having nothing better to do," he attended vespers at Notre Dame, hoping the Church's liturgy would provide him with inspiration for his poetry. I had read it carefully, making my usual pencil notations in the margins, highlighting passages I wanted to … □. DIED: 1898, Valvins, France ed. ." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Most importantly, however, Claudel's travels throughout the world contributed a cosmic dimension to his Catholicism, rendering it often unacceptable to his more orthodox coreligionists. In Claudel's second play, La Ville (1890), he sees the city, and eventually the entire world, as a single body, a maison fermée (closed house) in which each member is responsible for the salvation of the other members. Stéphane Mallarmé JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. DIED: 1945, Paris, France BORN: 1871, Cette (now Sete), France From then until his retirement in 1935, he lived almost continuously outside France. Le Soulier de satin (1929; The Satin Slipper), considered by many to be his greatest play, is a complicated and gigantic drama of the Renaissance, a period Claudel believed to be the beginning of a new era of Catholicism. Paul Claudel 1868-1955 In this line of his Magnificat, Paul Claudel describes the grace which, at the age of eighteen, brought him back to God after a boyhood of infidelity. Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. Claudel was born on Aug. 6, 1868, at Villeneuve-sur-Fère-en-Tardenois on the border between the provinces of Champagne and the Ile-de-France. Am…, Mallarmé, Stéphane The Intruder…, Rostand, Edmond However, the date of retrieval is often important. In English, Wallace Fowlie, Paul Claudel (1957), is an excellent short study. This spiritual crisis is evident in Claudel's first works. In February 1893 Claudel received his first diplomatic post, as vice-consul in New York. Source: Poetry (December 1955) Browse all issues back to 1912. Recommended for general background material on modern French poetry and theater are Marcel Raymond, From Baudelaire to Surrealism (1950); Wallace Fowlie, A Guide to Contemporary French Literature: From Valéry to Sartre (1957); Roger Shattuck, The Banquet Years (1958; rev. MAJOR WORKS: Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. The play also uses the completely original line of verse, known as the verset claudélien, in which Claudel wrote all his poems and plays. The moving religious drama Partage de Midi (1906) is partly based on an episode in Claudel's life that occurred in 1905, the year before his marriage. This play, like all that were to follow it, rejects all the conventions of the French theater, be they classical, romantic, or realistic. 16 Oct. 2020 . Začnu jimi. Request Permissions. ed. C…, Valéry, Paul DIED: 1918, Paris, France He was survived by his widow, five children, and many grandchildren. DIED: 1949, Nice, France Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. His family, of peasant and petit bourgeois stock, was Roman Catholic but not particularly devout. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. During these years, when his plays were staged, he often attended rehearsals and made changes in his texts for the stage. Then I misplaced the book. Claudel divided the last 20 years of his life between an apartment in Paris and his Château de Brangues. While studying for a diplomatic career, Claudel underwent on Christmas Day 1886, in the Cathedral of Notre Dame, a profound mystical experience which was to shape his destiny. Paul Claudel's "Magnificat": A Structural and Thematic Interpretation Nina Hellerstein Paul Claudel' s Cinq Grandes Odes are generally recognized to be his greatest work of lyric poetry. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. DIED: 1699 This item is part of JSTOR collection In 1946 he was elected to the French Academy. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates.