Among people deceased in 1503, Piero the Unfortunate ranks 5. They had two children: Piero took over as leader of Florence in 1492, upon Lorenzo's death. /* 728x90, created 7/15/08 */ Francesco Orsini, Lord of Monterotondo, 6. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization. Piero waited five days before responding that Florence would remain neutral. [5], Piero attempted to mount a resistance, but received little support from members of Florentine elites who had fallen under the influence of the fanatical Dominican priest Girolamo Savonarola. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. Quite the same Wikipedia. c. vi. //-->. Charles had been lured to Italy by Ludovico Sforza (Ludovico il Moro), ex-regent of Milan, as a way to eject Ludovico's nephew Gian Galeazzo Sforza and replace him as duke. [5], Piero attempted to mount a resistance, but received little support from members of Florentine elites who had fallen under the influence of the fanatical Dominican priest Girolamo Savonarola. He needed to pass through Tuscany, as well as leave troops there to secure his lines of communication with Milan. He needed to pass through Tuscany, as well as leave troops there to secure his lines of communication with Milan. In 1486, Piero's uncle Bernardo Rucellai negotiated for Piero to marry the Tuscan noblewoman Alfonsina Orsini and stood in for him in a marriage by proxy. [2], Piero di Lorenzo de' Medici was the eldest son of Lorenzo de' Medici (Lorenzo the Magnificent) and Clarice Orsini. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. [3] However, his feeble, arrogant, and undisciplined character was to prove unsuited to such a role. Piero di Lorenzo de' Medici (15 February 1472 – 28 December 1503), called Piero the Unfortunate, was the gran maestro of Florence from 1492 until his exile in 1494. Piero’s father was head of the Medici Bank and Lord of Florence. We have created a browser extension. When Piero returned to Florence to report back to the Signoria, he was greeted with public outrage, and he and his family fled the city for Venice. google_ad_slot = "4852765988"; As Charles's army approached Tuscany, he sent envoys to Florence to ask Piero to support his claim to Naples and allow his army to pass through Tuscany. Born in Florence, Piero di Lorenzo de' Medici was the oldest son of Lorenzo de' Medici (Lorenzo the Magnificent) and Clarice Orsini, and older brother of the future Pope Leo X. After a brief period of relative calm, the fragile peaceful equilibrium between the Italian states, laboriously constructed by Piero's father, collapsed in 1494 with the decision of King Charles VIII of France to cross the Alps with an army in order to assert hereditary claims to the Kingdom of Naples. Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Piero the Unfortunate has received more than 927,316 page views. Poliziano later died of poisoning, very possibly by Piero, on 24 September 1494. Piero de Medici was born to Lorenzo de Medici and Clarice Orsini in Florence. Article Id: He was buried in the abbey of Monte Cassino.[5]. google_ad_height = 600; [4] Piero was also constantly at odds with his cousins, Lorenzo and Giovanni, the two sons of Pierfrancesco de' Medici, who were both older and richer than Piero.[5]. A member of the Medici family was not to rule Florence again until 1512, when the city was forced to surrender by Giovanni de' Medici, who in 1513 was elected Pope Leo X, solidifying the family's power. Omissions? | LAETITIANA, Through the Eyes of the Artist: Michelangelo 1.22.19. google_ad_width = 160; [5] The family palazzo was looted, and the substance as well as the form of the Republic of Florence was re-established with the Medici formally exiled. However, his feeble, arrogant and undisciplined character was to prove unsuited to such a role. [2], Piero di Lorenzo de' Medici was the eldest son of Lorenzo de' Medici (Lorenzo the Magnificent) and Clarice Orsini. Piero henceforth led the restless life of an exile. Jacopo Orsini, Lord of Monterotondo and Bracciano, 26.          Political / Social. [4] Piero was also constantly at odds with his cousins, Lorenzo and Giovanni, the two sons of Pierfrancesco de' Medici, who were both older and richer than Piero.[5]. Aldobrandino Conti, Signore of Valmontone, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски. Piero waited five days before responding that Florence would remain neutral. As Charles's army approached Tuscany, he sent envoys to Florence to ask Piero to support his claim to Naples and allow his army to pass through Tuscany. This was unacceptable to Charles, who intended to invade Tuscany, starting with the fortress of Fivizzano, which he sacked and brutally massacred. [5], In 1503, as the French and Spanish continued their struggle in Italy over the Kingdom of Naples, Piero was drowned in the Garigliano River while attempting to flee the aftermath of the Battle of Garigliano, which the French (with whom he was allied) had lost. Jacopo Orsini, Lord of Monterotondo and Bracciano, 26. Lorenzo de' Medici (b. Lorenzo the Magnificent in 3 MINUTES! During their meeting, Piero acceded to all of Charles's demands, including surrendering the fortresses of Sarzana, Pietrasanta, Sarzanello, and Librafratta, as well as the towns of Pisa and Livorno.[5]. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Piero-di-Lorenzo-de-Medici. t. ix. Piero took over as leader of Florence in 1492, upon Lorenzo's death. [5], By the end of October, Piero had not succeeded in gaining any support for Florence, and, without consulting the governing Signoria, decided to visit Charles at his camp and try to win his friendship. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Piero de' Medici (15 February 1472 – 28 December 1503), called Piero the Unfortunate, was the Gran maestro of Florence from 1492 until his exile in 1494.. Life and death. [5], In 1503, as the French and Spanish continued their struggle in Italy over the Kingdom of Naples, Piero was drowned in the Garigliano River while attempting to flee the aftermath of the Battle of Garigliano, which the French (with whom he was allied) had lost. A Brief History On December 28, 1503, the exiled Gran Maestro of Florence, Piero di Lorenzo de Medici, known as Piero the Unfortunate, drowned in the Garigliano River while trying to escape the advancing French and Spanish armies that had just defeated the Italians in a battle over the control of Naples. This was unacceptable to Charles, who intended to invade Tuscany, starting with the fortress of Fivizzano, which he sacked and brutally massacred. Piero the Unfortunate. Read more on Wikipedia. Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles. Before him are Domenichino (1581), Roberto Cavalli (1940), Marcus Claudius Tacitus (200), Peter, King of Hungary (1011), Paolo Rossi (1956), and Emilio Salgari (1862). He was raised alongside his younger brother Giovanni, who would go on to become Pope Leo X, and his cousin Giulio, who would later become Pope Clement VII. He was buried in the abbey of Monte Cassino. Piero the Unfortunate’s body was buried in the cloister of Monte Cassino abbey, one of the most famous abbeys in the world, established in the sixth century when Saint Benedict chose its mountain location as a place to host him and his fellow monks as they travelled from the monastery at Subiaco, outside Rome. After a brief period of relative calm, the fragile pacific equilibrium between the Italian states, laboriously constructed by Piero's father, collapsed in 1494 with the decision of King Charles VIII of France to cross the Alps with an army in order to take the Kingdom of Naples, claiming hereditary rights.