Peach tree care requires that you soak the roots of the tree for six to twelve hours before you plan on planting it. Peach trees may be planted even when temperatures are quite cool, especially if they arrive bare-root and dormant. A growing legacy since 1816. These 19 Trees and Shrubs Are From the Prunus Genus Choose a Peach Variety to Grow ", easy it is to plant a tree. No fertilizer is needed at the time of planting a bare root tree. In the fall, double the mulch layer or add a layer of straw for extra winter protection. Learn how to plant and grow a peach tree from a peach pit or seed by stratifying the peach pit in the freezer and fridge! Certainly, this approach is discouraged for more tender stone fruit. ((Stewart F. House / Special Contributor)) Question: We have eight Little Gem magnolia trees along our northeast fence. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Remove the bamboo stake and replace it with a different tree stake, if you prefer. When these factors are taken into consideration and a peach tree is planted and cared for correctly to guard against them, it will produce tasty fruit each growing season. To make your tree hardier, don’t fertilize it within 2 months of the first frost or when the fruits are maturing. If you have a grafted tree, position the inside of the curve of the graft union away from the sun. Hammer this firmly into the ground using a mallet. Keep an eye on where the snow melts the quickest in the Spring. If you try to plant an active tree with green leaves and full branches, it may put too much strain on the tree, and it is likelier that the tree will fail. Do they look healthy? For ideal anchorage, standard-size peach trees should be planted 1 to 2 inches deeper than the visible soil line made when the trees grew in our nursery rows. Someone told me you should always plant two. Water less if in a pot, because the roots may freeze if they're too wet. An extremely sunny and wind-shielded location is ideal. After watering, if soil appears to settle and sinks into the planting hole, just add more soil — enough to fill the hole to ground level again. Holding onto the trunk to keep it vertical, backfill the hole, putting the topsoil back in first. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Never over-water a peach tree. If you’d like to keep the tag on your tree, retie it loosely with soft twine and be sure to keep it from restricting the tree as it grows. After the third year when the tree is mature, add 1 pound of actual nitrogen to the soil. Two apricot varieties, in particular, … Just make a circle of mulch over the root zone that’s a couple of inches (5cm) deep and 3 feet (0.91 m) (1m) or so in diameter. This will eliminate air pockets that may cause the tree to be loose in its planting hole. Peach trees require a lot of direct sunlight and won't grow properly or produce fruit without it. Some peach trees take as long as 2 to 3 years to produce peaches. You certainly can try to grow one from a seed or pit, but that is much more time consuming and a bit more difficult. Fruit from the freezer is good for smoothies, sauces, and most baking projects. Refer to the section on Soil Preparation for tips on testing your soil. How far from the wall should I plant a peach tree? Plant your new peach tree from late fall to early spring. References It will be fine left out through the winter. November to the end of February (or March or even April in the north of Scotland). Your potted tree has been watered prior to shipment and should arrive with damp soil around the roots; however, it does need another drink when it arrives at your home. Important: keep the graft union (the noticeable “bump” in the lower trunk) 2-3 inches above the … Grafted peach trees need special planting attention. My peach tree had leaf buds when I bought it, and it has several tall main branches. They need lots of sun and well-draining soil. Bare-root trees must be planted when the tree is … ", "I never planted a peach tree before but I got to learn a lot from this article. This could cause the roots to rot and weaken, or even drown your peach tree. A year from then, again in summer, prune any shoots growing below these main branches. Last Updated: April 23, 2019 Look for a spot that has well-drained, sandy, moderately fertile soil, is elevated to give your tree proper airflow (and to reduce the risk of frost) and, as mentioned above, will also provide direct sunlight the majority of the year. Plant standard peaches 18 feet apart, and dwarf peaches five feet apart. Remember to steer clear of heavy clay soil or any soil that is poorly drained. Would have liked more information about different varieties for different regions included. Light is vital to fruit production and quality, and also helps keep fungal issues from taking hold. The roots are delicate and too much water can cause damage. Place the peach tree in the center of the planting hole with its roots down and spread out. If you do end up purchasing a young tree, look for a dormant one with few to no leaves. Store this in the refrigerator, away from fruit, in temps between 34-42 F./-6 C.). Try to have every branch have access to plenty of sunlight. A deep soaking with about a gallon of water is ideal. Purchase a young peach tree at a nursery or tree farm. Ideally, you should preorder your peach trees to obtain the rootstock/scion combination you want from a nursery. Find a spot in the sun for it—peach trees need full sun. After soaking the pit in water for about an hour or two, place it in a plastic bag with slightly moist soil. This article has been viewed 246,508 times. Tree Fruit Cultivars Integrated Pest Management. He has a Masters in Public Health Nutrition and Public Health Planning and Administration from the University of Tennessee-Knoxville. If your trees produce an abundance of peaches, consider freezing some for later use. The pistils pollinate the stamens in order to produce a seed. Thoroughly water your newly planted peach tree. Finding that “sweet spot” is important! Approved. Peach trees are fast-growing fruit trees that produce fruit as early as 3 to 4 years when grown from a pit. The trend to “grow your own” continues to gain in popularity, and in addition to vegetables and herbs, more and more gardeners are beginning to try their hand at growing fruit. ", "The planting and soil suggestions were most helpful.". I immediately went out and purchased a year old tree and I can't wait, "How to thin the fruit helped. Once your pit is clean, it is ready to germinate and then transplant. I had no idea how to do it. Andrew Carberry has been working in food systems since 2008. The required Soil pH for peaches and nectarines is generally 6.0 to 7.0. When learning how to plant a peach tree, gardeners must understand that this delicate tree will require specific conditions and will be prone to disease and insect infestation. How deep or wide do full grown peach tree roots grow? Your peach needs a chill period to fruit correctly. This is a good place to plant your peach tree. Cut any limbs on your newly planted peach tree back to 1 inch just after planting. Thank you! Cooler weather is around the corner and it is time to start planning your fall garden! Standard size trees need more room, up to 18 feet. Spring is the best time of the year to plant a peach tree to give it an entire growing season to adjust to its new environment. There are dwarf versions that grow 12-15 feet as well. Keep the more nutritious topsoil in a separate pile so you can put it in the bottom of the hole, where it will do the most good.