Qualitative researchers understand the importance of beliefs and theories that inform their work and also actively write about them in their research.John Creswell in his book “Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design” stitutes qualitative research is made more complex by the number of para-digms that can serve as foundations for qualitative research. Various researchers employing either qualitative or quantitative researches should better understand the different competing research paradigms and its philosophical underpinnings in relation to ontology, epistemology, methodology and even the methods in collecting and analyzing data to produce an excellent research. 2 research philosophy and qualitative interviews in this chapter: choosing a philosophy of research differences between positivist and naturalist–constructionist paradigms an illustration of the differences in practice variations on the core paradigm positivism yields to postpositivism Qualitative Methods Mixed-method research All research is quantitative, because anything can be counted -even purely verbal responses, perhaps after sorting comments into similar groups. Qualitative research emerged in the past century as a useful framework for social science research, but its history has not been the story of steady, sustained progress along one path. First, we introduce the Yin and Yang principle and briefly review its origins in Chinese philosophy . Jerry W. Willis, Foundations of Qualitative Research: Interpretive and Critical Approaches, Sage Publications Inc., Thousand Oaks, CA (2007) 367 pages In this paper, we develop a philosophical foundation for qualitative modeling and reasoning methodologies . Various researchers employing either qualitative or quantitative researches should better understand the different competing research paradigms and its philosophical underpinnings in relation to ontology, epistemology, methodology and even the Qualitative Research in the Study of Leadership ISBN : 978-1-78560-651-9 , eISBN : 978-1-78560-650-2 Publication date: 26 November 2016 All paradigms can use both quantitative and qualitative … In addition, understanding the philosophical grounding also highlights the Exploring the Philosophical Underpinnings of Research: Relating Ontology and Epistemology to the Methodology and Methods of the Scientific, Interpretive, and Critical Research Paradigms ... data collected will either be qualitative or quantitative. We analyze the classical Western science model from a Yin-Yang perspective, and compare Eastern and Western approaches to methods of scientific inquiry. In any kind of work or study, we always bring a certain set of beliefs as well as philosophical assumptions. All research is qualitative, because answers to even the firmest numeric questions may conceal a … quantitative and qualitative research. It is important for institutional research- ers to understand the philosophical grounding of the two approaches so that they may reflect on those assumptions while engaging in institutional research.