Within traditional society, an individual’s status is ascribed at birth, and they are expected to put the kinships group before their own. In this way, Merton's distinction is helpful in identifying connections between social phenomena. Overall, in conclusion, the functionalist approach has many strengths and weaknesses about the way in which society functions and the needs it requires. It is sometimes referred to as the AGIL scheme. For example in the body, organ cells, in society the parts are institutions and individual roles. before the year 2000 (the collapse of the Soviet Union, the reunification of This knowledge can then be used to achieve progress to a better society. Get a verified writer to help you with Strengths and weaknesses of the functionalist approach to society. Essay, 4 pages. This is not an example of the work written by professional academic writers. We have received your request for getting a sample. Although structural differentiation occurs, meaning institutions have developed, each meeting different needs, there is less strong of a collective conscience, and rapid social change means old norms may be undermined, which could lead to anomie. Functionalism is a consensus perspective, whereby society is based on shared values and … Latency is the last of the identified needs as it shows how people deal with problems by turning to institutions such as religion. Conflict theories such as Marxists argue functionalism is a ‘conservative ideology’ which focuses on harmony and stability rather than focusing on conflict and change. Copying is only available for logged-in users, If you need this sample for free, we can send it to you via email. the global scramble for colonies after 1870 as a predictable. (309), 4.9 However, Merton argues that within society there is the possibility of ‘functional alternatives’ and also the idea of universal functionalism is more of assumptions, as some things may be functional for some groups and dysfunctional for others. arrived, and there were several points both Support your response with details and examples from studies conducted in the Caribbean on stratification. For most, a theory is only scientific if in principle it is falsifiable by testing, however for functionalists this is not the case. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. This is further identified a weakness by the conflict perspective. Being a consensus theory, functionalism sees society as based on a basic consensus among its members about values, goals and rules; in other words a shared culture. Parsons model of the social system is like that of a building block. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, Categories Social science, Social Structure, Society, Strengths, Strengths And Weaknesses. Violent and radical social change cannot be explained adequately by a theory that emphasizes consensus. Parsons identifies three similarities; System, System Needs and Functions. For example, under a functionalist point of view the newspaper deliverer and the sewer worker all contribute to the function of the entire unit- the social structure would not function properly without these. 2 The importance of culture in structuring society is identified. Parsons identifies three similarities; System, System Needs and Functions. The system can assure its needs are met by teaching individuals to want to do what is required of them, with positive sanctions rewarding conformity and negative ones punishing defiance. Parsons model of the social system is like that of a building block. Germany, the surge of globalization from the mid-1990s) and afterward (9/11, While functionalist theory is a popular approach it has some weaknesses. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. (478). 1. functionalist theory believes sport builds character What are the 3 main weaknesses of functionalist theory? Theories of the family - Concepts. (33 marks) Functionalism sees society as a whole rather that in parts as it has a macro-scale approach to society. This means that they see society as an organic analogy which means they … Functionalism is based on giving the parts of society roles to keep everything stable. Hi there! This shared culture provides a framework allowing individuals to co operate by doing things such as defining their goals they should pursue and laying down rules about how they should behave. 5.0 / 5 based on 1 rating. Feminists also argue that the family serves the needs of men and oppresses women. Blablawriting.com provide for you a wide variety of top-notch essay and term paper samples on any possible topics absolutely. We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails. However, Merton criticises functionalism for a number of reasons. According to Melvin Tumin, Davis and Moore did not fully appreciate the importance of power in determining the unequal distribution of rewards. For most, a theory is only scientific if in principle it is falsifiable by testing, however for functionalists this is not the case. Type: For example, the Hopi Indians would perform rain dances in times of drought in order to magically produce rain. The organic analogy also shows that it is used to sustain the body and society as a whole. Parsons identifies three similarities; System, System Needs and Functions. It provides a very harmonious view of society and the family. Functionalists believed that society is constructed of various institutions. For functionalists, society is seen as a system of social institutions such as the economy, religion and the family all of which perform socialisation functions. Is always good and happy. Functionalism is a consensus perspective, whereby society is based on shared values and norms into which members are socialised. 0.0 / 5. new era had begun. However, the fact that it is a macro level theory can also be interpreted as a disadvantage. He went on to conclude that the differences in prestige and pay between different groups had been as a result of power rather than functional importance. Would you like to get such a paper? Being a consensus theory, functionalism sees society as based on a basic consensus among its members about values, goals and rules; in other words a shared culture.