In the Adirondacks, it chiefly resides in deciduous and mixed forests where soils are loose and covered with a thick leaf litter. They are rarely, if ever, found westward in the zone of sparse rainfall. During the remainder of the year, woodland voles are most active on the surface during the hours of darkness. Illinois State Museum Report Investigation, 20:1-28. woodland vole shows many adaptations for its burrowing lifestyle. Life cycle:The breeding season extends at least from February to October, and may continue through the winter. The front feet and claws are larger than those of its relatives. Nests 15-18 cm in diameter and made from dry leaves, grass, and rootlets are either a few centimeters underground or near the surface and under objects such as logs. 1 Forestry Drive The most easily identifiable sign of meadow voles is an extensive surface runway system with numerous burrow openings. 1960. During the breeding period an adult female may give birth to as many as four litters of two to four young each. The front feet and claws are larger than those of its relatives. Hamilton, W.J., Jr. 1938. Encompassing over 15,000 acres of Adirondacks wildlands, ESF's Newcomb Campus offers incomparible opportunities for visiting, learning and research. var addthis_config = {"data_track_addressbar":true}; MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer. The potential life span is at least 14 months, but adults are unlikely to survive more than 2-3 months. The dor­sal re­gion varies from light to dark brown in color. 75pp. The inner bark and small roots of woody plants, as well as plant parts and seeds cached underground during autumn, are winter foods. The ESF Employee Directory was moved to improve information security for campus contact information. The belly fur is whitish or silvery. It has a brown (light or dark) dorsal region with a whitish or silvery underside. [CDATA[ If the property owner does not feel he or she can properly handle the necessary damage control techniques, many wildlife pest control operators are available throughout the state that deal with vole problems.Contact your county extension office or the yellow pages for information regarding these operators. Microtus pinetorum. In most cases, at least one specimen record exists for each listed natural community. Life history notes on the northern pine mouse. Natural communities are not listed in order of frequency of occurrence, but are rather derived from the full set of natural communities, organized by Ecological Group. Woodland voles are approximately 118-130 mm (4.6-5.1 in) in total length, and weigh 20-35 g (0.7-1.4 oz). Woodland voles do not create surface runways, but dig shallow tunnels 2.5-5.0 cm (1-2 in) in diameter, that permeate the forest floor, to depths of 7.6-10.0 cm (3-4 in), occasionally deeper. Paul, J.R. 1970. Baker, R.H. 1983. The woodland vole has a head and body length ranging between 3.25–4.75 in (83–121 mm) with a 0.5–1.5 in (13–38 mm) short tail. The length of the gestation period is 20-24 days, and the usual litter size is 3 or 4 (extremes 1-6). Gourley, R.S. These are likely adaptations to living in cold northern areas. A typical vole litter has 5 to 8 baby voles in it but it could have … Woodland voles are active year round, day and night. Its weight ranges between 0.5–1.3 oz (14–37 g). The The eyes are small; the ears short and nearly hidden by the fur surrounding them. The woodland vole depends on litter cover near surface runways, so heavy leaf litter and grass cover are desirable. Activity and Movement: Woodland voles neither climb nor swim well, and spend much of their time walking or running within the tunnel system. The eyes are small; the ears short and nearly hidden by the fur surrounding them. The University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor. The fur on the back varies from light to dark brown in color. Females may bear many litters, but average only 1-2 per year. These animals regulate their body temperature with great precision when they are active. They eat a variety of herbaceous plants, but prefer grasses and sedges. The eyes are small; the ears short and nearly hidden by the fur surrounding them. Richmond. Breeding from first week of February to first week of November. They weigh between 14 and 37 g. Males and females look alike. Such travel lanes, about 11⁄2 inches wide, are reliable indicators of meadow vole activity. Well adapted for a life of underground burrowing, the pest has small eyes and ears, powerful clawed feet, and sensitive whiskers. When populations are low, and damage is not extreme, exclusion or trapping may be the most economical means of avoiding damage. Mammalian Species, 147, 7pp. Getz. State Rank: S3S4 - Rank is uncertain, ranging from vulnerable to apparently secure. Their burrows are about 4 cm in diameter and seldom more than 7-10 cm beneath the surface of the ground.